Conserving The Coast
Erosion is the key to the conservation of the World Heritage Site. This coast is only interesting and beautiful because it is falling into the sea! Erosion maintains exposure of the cliff faces and it is the rock layers we see within them that reveal a record of geological time; 185 million years of the Earth's ancient history can be seen along just 95 miles of coastline.
Erosion also ensures a constant supply of fossils to the beaches, especially along the West Dorset coast where the cliffs are particularly soft. And erosion itself is actually part of the reason why the coast is a World Heritage Site - the range of coastal landforms, the cliffs, beaches, sea stacks and landslides, have all been created by erosion, providing an open laboratory for the study of coastal processes.
The Site is protected by existing UK conservation law through Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) which are identified and monitored by Natural England (previously English Nature). The geological interest is described in the Geological Conservation Review (GCR), identified by the Joint Nature Conservation Committee. The greatest threats to the Site are through coast defences and inappropriate fossil collecting. The Jurassic Coast World Heritage Team provide geological expertise on the ground for the management and monitoring of the Site including working with coastal engineers on the Shoreline Management Plan process, research scientists and local fossil collectors.
The State of Conservation report is an assessment of the World Heritage Site from January 2007. It is anticipated that this statement will be updated regularly using this template. At the time of writing, the MSC Napoli Incident had just started and therefore this report does not contain a full assessment of the implications of this accident on the Site.
Read the statement_on_site_conservation_may_2008 (166.66 Kb)
The format of the report has changed considerably due to the difficulty of monitoring and capturing issues, events, developments etc across 155 km of coast with overlapping Earth science interests. The new SOC report contains a very brief summary followed by an appended table that shows what has been happening where over the last five years.
Read the latest State of Conservation Report (SOC Report) for 2010
Conservation describes the designations and planning systems that protect the coast. Management Issues identifies the threats. Earth Science Research outlines work that aims to promote the research. LGAP is the Dorset Local Geodiversity Action Plan - a plan to promote, protect and enhance the geological interest of the county.
Navitus Bay and the Jurassic Coast
The below information and associated downloads explain how the proposed Navitus Bay Wind Park might impact on the Jurassic Coast as a World Heritage Site
Information about the Jurassic Coast, its reasons for designation, and the World Heritage Convention
The Jurassic Coast is a World Heritage Site for its geology and geomorphology, and a key part of its management is about maintaining the natural processes that keep the exposed and eroding. For clarity the document below sets out these reasons in detail:
Obligations for Management of the Jurassic Coast, as for all World Heritage Sites, is set out in the 1972 World Heritage Convention. Article 4 of this convention is important in this instance and reads: "Each State Party to this Convention recognizes that the duty of ensuring the identification, protection, conservation, presentation and transmission to future generations of the cultural and natural heritage referred to in Articles 1 and 2 and situated on its territory, belongs primarily to that State. It will do all it can to this end, to the utmost of its own resources and, where appropriate, with any international assistance and co-operation, in particular, financial, artistic, scientific and technical, which it may be able to obtain."The full text is available at: World Heritage Convention text
Information about the proposed development
If you wish to express your view about the project you need to register as an Interested Party with the Government's Planning Inspectorate (PINS). To do this, go to the following link by June 23rd 2014: http://infrastructure.planningportal.gov.uk/projects/south-east/navitus-bay-wind-park/
If you go to the same link and click on the 'Documents' tab, it will take you to the full details of the proposals (called a 'development consent application').
Documents relating to potential impact on the Jurassic Coast from the proposed development
The following entries are in chronological order, with the most recent first
20th October 2014 - Further representations from the Jurassic Coast Partnership Steering Group, and Statement of Common Ground
By the 20th October, all Interested Parties (IP) in the examination were required to submit various documents in support of their views re the proposed Navitus Bay Wind Park development. The IP in this case is the Jurassic Coast Steering Group, and the documents that relate to us include the following:
Statement of Common Ground (SoCG). This is a document produced by the developer, but must be done in agreement with, and signed by the IP. It is to determine which areas the IP and developer agree and disagree on. Our SoCG is available here:
Full written representation. This document sets out the full detailed case that the Steering Group wished to make in respect of potential impact on the WHS from the proposed development. It is available here, with all annexes:
Response to first questions. This is the Steering Group's response to a set of written questions asked of IPs and the developer. It is available here:
10th June 2014 - Jurassic Coast Partnership Steering Group Representation to PINS
The Partnership Steering Group registered its initial representation on the PINS website. The text of the representation can be found in the following document:
May 2nd 2014 - Letter from UNESCO to DCMS
The United Nations Educational Cultural and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO) who 'designate' places as World Heritage Sites and monitor their condition, wrote to the British Government Department for Culture Media and Sport (DCMS) about the possible impacts of Navitus Bay on the Jurassic Coast.
UNESCO's letter to DCMS included an annex with details of possible impacts as set out by their advisors on natural World Heritage Sites, the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
The letter and annex are attached here:
17th Feb 2014 - Letter from DCMS to UNESCO
DCMS wrote to UNESCO's World Heritage Centre setting out the UK Government's position in respect of the proposed Navitus Bay Wind Farm. Their letter is below:
23rd Dec 2013 - Jurassic Coast Partnership Steering Group Position paper to DCMS
The Jurassic Coast Partnership Steering Group wrote to DCMS setting out our position in respect of the proposed development. This position was reached after extensive consultation amongst Steering Group Partners, and after having received presentations about the development, including visualisations, from both the Navitus bay Development Limited (NBDL) company and Challenge Navitus.
After correspondence with NBDL since this date, the version submitted to DCMS on Dec 23rd 2013 was changed slightly, and re-sent to DCMS on May 15th 2014. It is this latter version of the Position Paper that is attached, and the changes made can be seen clearly in the document.
We hold no resposibility for the content of, or views expressed in any of the following websites. Should you have any quuestions please contact those responsible:
Note, the full name of the Jurassic Coast is the Dorset and East Devon Coast World Heritage Site.
Coastal Erosion and Coast Protection
The Jurassic Coast is a beautiful, interesting and internationally important place because it is eroding. Indeed, coasts are a product of erosion. Without the sea eating into the land we would not have a coast at all. An obvious statement but one that needs to be expressed as most people's instant reaction to a landslide or a storm is that it is a 'bad thing'. On the Jurassic Coast, erosion exposes the rocks and uncovers the fossils. These are two of the key features upon which World Heritage Site status was granted by UNESCO
The primary objective for the World Heritage Site in terms of the management of the fossil interest is to provide the most effective mechanism for the recovery of fossils of great scientific value that are constantly at risk of damage or destruction by the sea. We believe that collectors with open access to the site and acting under the guidance of responsible collecting offer the best way to achieve that aim. In addition, we want to see the coast used as a place to inspire and engage people in geology and fossils through, where it is sustainable, the collection of fossils. Ultimately, this is a site where collecting can take place in many, but not all areas, but that must be at a level which does not compromise the scientific integrity of site, indeed, it should complement it.
Protecting the site
The World Heritage Site is protected through existing UK legislation that applies to Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI's). There are thirteen SSSI's that cover all but 10.5km of the coast, typically divided at the gateway towns.
The Earth science interests are recognised through 66 Geological Conservation Review (GCR) sites that essentially define the core values of the World Heritage Site for geology, palaeontology, geomorphology and structure.
Monitoring the coast
Monitoring the quality of a coastal geological site such as the Jurassic Coast is, at one level, very simple in that the coast is maintained by erosion and therefore so long as continues to erode, it is likely to remain in 'favourable condition'. Therefore the construction of coastal defences is the greatest single threat to the Site. A secondary consideration is fossil collecting. As discussed before; rapidly eroding sites are more robust (and more productive) in terms of fossil collecting, while slowly eroding cliffs are more sensitive. Many of these more slowly eroding sections are high, towering cliffs and therefore they are very unlikely to be effected by, for instance, irresponsible collecting while many of the important fossils have already been collected, typically in the course of scientific study many decades ago or even during as far back as Victorian times when the Natural Sciences were of great interest to many.